Pantheon Rome hours of operation

Discovering the Pantheon in Rome: Hours of Operation and Visitor Tips

The Pantheon in Rome stands as one of the most remarkable and well-preserved monuments of ancient Rome. Its majestic dome and imposing columns have fascinated visitors for centuries, drawing millions each year to marvel at its architectural splendor and historical significance. This article delves into the Pantheon’s hours of operation, providing essential information and tips to help you plan your visit.

A Glimpse into History: The Pantheon

Architectural Marvel

Originally constructed as a temple for all Roman gods, the Pantheon has a history that stretches back nearly two millennia. Commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus (27 BC – 14 AD), it was later rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian around 126 AD after a fire damaged the original structure. The Pantheon’s most striking feature is its massive dome, which remains the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world. The oculus at the dome’s center, an open skylight, allows natural light to illuminate the interior, creating a dramatic effect.

Transition to a Christian Church

In 609 AD, the Pantheon was consecrated as a Christian church dedicated to St. Mary and the Martyrs, often referred to as Santa Maria Rotonda. This transformation helped preserve the structure through the centuries, protecting it from the fate that befell many other ancient Roman buildings.

Visiting the Pantheon: Practical Information


The Pantheon is located in the heart of Rome’s historic center, in the Piazza della Rotonda. Its central location makes it easily accessible from other major attractions, such as the Trevi Fountain, Piazza Navona, and the Roman Forum.

Hours of Operation

The Pantheon’s hours of operation can vary depending on the time of year and special events. Generally, the opening hours are as follows:

  1. Weekdays (Monday to Friday): The Pantheon is typically open from 9:00 AM to 7:00 PM.
  2. Saturdays: It usually operates from 9:00 AM to 7:00 PM.
  3. Sundays and Public Holidays: On Sundays and public holidays, the opening hours are often from 9:00 AM to 6:00 PM.

Special Closures and Events

While the Pantheon is generally open year-round, there are a few exceptions:

  1. Religious Services: As an active church, the Pantheon occasionally hosts religious services and events. During these times, the building may be closed to tourists. It is advisable to check in advance for any scheduled services, particularly on major religious holidays.
  2. Public Holidays: The Pantheon may have reduced hours or be closed on certain public holidays, such as Christmas Day (December 25th) and New Year’s Day (January 1st).
  3. Maintenance and Restoration: Periodic maintenance or restoration work may also affect visiting hours. Checking the official website or local tourism information can provide the latest updates.

Tips for Visiting the Pantheon

Plan Ahead

Given the Pantheon’s popularity, it’s wise to plan your visit to avoid the busiest times. Here are some tips to enhance your experience:

  1. Early Arrival: Arriving early in the morning can help you avoid the peak crowds. The quietest times are usually shortly after opening and late in the afternoon.
  2. Weekdays vs. Weekends: Weekdays are generally less crowded than weekends. If possible, plan your visit during the week for a more serene experience.
  3. Avoiding Peak Seasons: The summer months (June to August) and major holidays see the highest number of tourists. Visiting during the shoulder seasons (spring and fall) can provide a more comfortable experience.